Loss of loads can lead to serious accidents. Consequently, the gas industry has to provide shippers with information on the requirements that are necessary for transporting individual gas cylinders, bundles and pallets of gas cylinders and cryogenic receptacles safely. (Referred to collectively as ‘receptacles’).
It is essential to make sure that all loads carried on vehicles are adequately secured so that there is no likelihood of them moving or falling off, which can cause danger to the driver or to the public or a release to the environment.
Proven load securing systems and methods from several Industrial Gas member companies are presented. The theoretical basis for load securing is not covered in detail.
Those who wish to deal with this subject in greater depth should refer to relevant literature.
This document covers load securing of individual gas cylinders, bundles, pallets of gas cylinders, pressure drums, cryogenic receptacles and small tank containers which are not permanently connected to the vehicle.
It is concerned with product carrying equipment which has to be off-loaded for filling or withdrawal.
Recommendations cover load securing for all types of vehicles including those specially designed and built for the purpose of transporting cylinders etc.
This document does not consider the actual load distribution on the vehicle, e.g. where a load is placed in relation to the axle loading, this varies from vehicle to vehicle and it is the responsibly of the loader to see that the load distribution is correct and the vehicle is not overloaded.
This document is intended to provide guidance on systems and methods currently employed within the industrial gases industry to any individual involved in the transport of class 2 product receptacles.