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EIGAnews 4 - Web format

March 2011



EIGA is very pleased to welcome Stefan Messer, Chief Executive of the Messer Group, as the new President of EIGA for his term of office 2011-2012.  He takes over from Guy Salzgeber of Air Liquide.

Stefan Messer is succeeded as Vice-President of EIGA for 2011-2012 by Todd Skare, President, Praxair Europe & Middle East.


Process Safety Symposium 2011

EIGA’s 2011 Symposium "Process Safety in the Gas Industry" took place on 26th and 27th January with outstanding attendance by 269 delegates from more than 95 organisations and from 36 countries, including guests from as far away as Papua New Guinea, Japan and the USA.

We received very positive feedback and comments from delegates, which included the quality of the speakers, the engagement of the audience in the panel sessions and the networking between the sessions.  On the basis of this feedback we consider that the event was a great success!  Our sincere thanks go to all members of the Symposium Organising Committee.

Process safety is without doubt a key topic for the Industrial Gases industry and the Councils and Working Groups will continue to build on the momentum of the Symposium.


Winter Session News in Brief


EIGA’s Winter Session in January included a meeting of the Board of Directors and the Extraordinary General Meeting.  During these meetings, applications for Active Membership of EIGA for twenty five companies were approved.  These new companies extend EIGA’s membership to six additional countries:  Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania.

Board of Directors

A number of Board appointments were also confirmed.  Following the elections held in autumn 2010, Marco Annoni of SOL and Wiebe Buist of Yara were re-elected as the Board representatives of Cat. 2 and Cat. 3 members for 2011-2012; and Klaus Krinninger of IGV Germany was elected as the National Associations’ Representative to the Board for 2011-2012.  Finally, Todd Skare, the Board representative for Praxair, was confirmed as EIGA Vice-President for 2011-2012. Marco Annoni of SOL and Wiebe Buist of YARA were nominated as our two Internal Auditors for 2011-2012.

Working Group Award

The winner of the 2010 Working Group Award was announced as WG-9 (Classification, Labelling and Safety Data Sheets) in recognition of the tremendous amount of work they have completed to make sure that our industry has been well prepared for REACH, for CLP and all the things associated with those.  The award will be formally presented at our Summer Session in Lisbon in June 2011.

Environmental Award 2010

Two winners of the 2010 Environmental Award were announced.  This award recognises best environmental practice in EIGA member companies.  14 high quality nominations were received and from these, two projects were selected for awards.  The first, in the category of Applications, was awarded to Sapio Produzione Idrogeno Ossigeno, in Italy for their project ‘Soilution’, an innovative "in situ" remediation technology for groundwater and soil contaminated with Chromium VI. The second, in the category of Operations - environmental improvements that have been made on one of our member’s production sites went to BOC Gases Ltd Morden, UK for their environmental team’s  ‘Rising to the Challenge’ project on environmental communication and awareness.

The Environmental Award will be formally awarded at the Summer Session in June. Full details of these projects and some of the other notable ones will be covered in an Environmental Newsletter to be published by WG-5 (Environment) in the next few months.


Winter Session Safety Awards

Company Safety Awards

The Winter Session saw the announcement and presentation of the 2010 Company Safety Awards.  These awards are based on the lowest lost time accidents rates reported over the twelve months from October 1st, 2009 to September 30th, 2010, for each category of EIGA membership.

The awards went to Praxair Europe in Category 1, Air Products France in Category 2 and Air Liquide Maroc in Category 3. 


Road Safety Awards

The EIGA Annual Road Safety Awards are presented to the companies with the lowest preventable road vehicle accident frequency rate in their appropriate category of the Road Safety Award.  The 2010 award is based on statistics from October 1st, 2009 to September 30th, 2010.

The awards went to Linde AG for Bulk Vehicles driven more than 5 million km annually; ACP Belgium for Bulk Vehicles driven between 1 million and 5 million km annually; Rivoira for Cylinder Vehicles driven more than 2 million km annually; and Air Liquide Gas AB for Cylinder Vehicles driven between 0.5 million and 2 million km annually.


Human Reliability – Human Failures

If we analyse the causes of the Lost Time Incidents and Recordable Injuries reported by member companies in the Work Injury Statistics (WIST) database, approximately 50-60% have been reported as ‘human errors’.  If we, as an industry, are going to continue to improve our safety performance, we need to tackle the causes of these incidents by focusing on the underlying human factors and safe behaviours that result in these ‘human errors’.  To support that objective, the Safety Advisory Council (SAC) will be changing the classification of "Human error" in future incident reporting to better identify and understand these contributing factors and improve the value of safety statistics in helping to develop programmes to reduce incidents in the industry. 

EIGA document 904/11 "Work Injury Statistics" will be reissued in the next few weeks.  This 2011 revision aligns the document completely to the WIST Platform.  In particular, Appendix 1E has been substantially updated to separate the "Human error" classification into seven categories of "Human failure" so as to better record the outcome of human factor analysis in investigations. The new classifications are:

·         Human failure - Skill Based Error

·         Human failure - Mistake

·         Human failure - Unintended violation

·         Human failure - Situational violation

·         Human failure - Organisational benefit violation

·         Human failure - Personal benefit violation

·         Human failure - Reckless violation

A further Appendix 2 has been added to the document to provide further descriptions and examples of each type of human failure.

The WIST platform is being updated to allow Q1 2011 incident reports to be entered using one of these new classifications in addition to the existing causes.  SAC are also producing a Human Factors Safety Information Sheet on "Human Reliability and Human Failure" in support of this.


HyCO and the ETS

Over the last two years, the Regulatory Environment Council (REC) and its HyCO Benchmarking Task Force has taken important steps in ensuring equality of treatment for outsourced HyCO plants.

In line with the EU Directive, HyCO plants will come within the EU’s Emissions Trading System (ETS) from 2013, and will need to surrender EU Allowances (EUAs) for carbon dioxide emissions.  Each EUA represents one tonne of carbon dioxide emission.

It is therefore important that members’ plants (outsourced) be treated the same as "captive" or "insourced" alternatives and the need for equality in terms of the free EUAs provided by the relevant authorities, in partial recompense for EUAs required to be surrendered, becomes critical.

·         The work done to date has involved several critical, and successful, advocacy steps.  For example, "Recital 23" to the Directive established principle of equality for outsourcing and HyCO plants were added to the "exposure to carbon leakage" list, the same as EIGA members’ large energy-intensive customers. 

·         Further, for benchmarking of HyCO plants (on which the free allocation of EUAs will be based), we achieved Commission agreement on benchmarks that  will avoid costly data-gathering effort on part of members and in practice will represent equality with the "captive" or "insourced" alternatives of our members’ customers.

Throughout the process, REC and Task Force members have maintained close and productive relationships with other industry associations such as Concawe and Europia, who represent the oil refining industries, and Cefic.

The next steps on free allocation of EUAs to HyCO plants is to review and comment on the draft guidelines that are due to be finalised by the Commission in 2011 and thereafter to ensure that the equality won for outsourced and insourced plants is maintained as the EU "Decision" is implemented by Member States.

In summary and looking at the broader context of the work done by REC, the "Decision" represents a significant success for HyCO, but this needs to be managed through the next phases of implementation.  Other ETS-related issues will continue to require REC’s attention, including Measuring and Reporting Guidelines with respect to transferred carbon dioxide and possible financial compensation for large "indirect emitters" including large electricity consumers such as ASUs.

Throughout this work EIGA has adopted two overriding advocacy positions that have served us well so far and should continue to serve us well - equality for outsourcing and avoidance of market distortions.


Transport Legislation Issues


Many of you will be aware of the restrictions placed on some tunnels where ADR is applied.  This impacts many EIGA members, and so an Ad-Hoc Group of the Transport Working Group (WG-1) was formed to look at the issues.  To try and understand what could be done to change the classification of class 2 products in the tunnel categories, representatives of the Ad-Hoc Group met with one of the agencies involved in the original work that set the restrictions.  From this meeting, it does not appear that anything can be done in the short term to make a change to the categories or the classification, and that this may have to be looked at a National level.  The Ad-Hoc Group will be meeting shortly to review what the next actions EIGA and the National Associations could take.


Telematics is a subject that some of you will be familiar with, but for those that are not it is the integrated use of telecommunications and informatics, and it is becoming an area of increasing interest in many areas.  One of these areas is the transport of dangerous goods, where at the joint meeting of RID/ADR/ADN a working group has been established to consider what the requirements should be for the transport of dangerous goods and Telematics.  There is much discussion on what is important for the transport of dangerous goods as whilst it is possible to gather significant quantities of information from vehicles, deciding what is important to avoid overloading the information infrastructure is important.  Also, to complicate matters, there is much work being done across Europe and ensuring a coordinated approach seems to be one of the greatest challenges.  There are a number of trials in place across Europe, but we do seem to be a long way from a Europe wide system.  EIGA will continue to participate in this area as it does seem that one day we will have a European wide system of tracking some or all dangerous goods.


News in Brief

EU Commission Propose Revision to Seveso Directive

At the end of December 2011, the Commission (DG Environment) adopted a proposal to revise the Seveso II Directive (Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the control of major accident hazards involving dangerous substances).  The new rules in the Proposed Directive would apply from June 1, 2015.  Discussions in the European Parliament and the EU Council on the proposal will take place during 2011.

EIGA has established an Ad Hoc Group to review the proposed directive.  The issue of increasing the threshold for hydrogen (see Position Paper PP-29) was acknowledged by the Commission and the options presented and discussed in the impact assessment document that accompanied the Proposed Directive.  The decision of the Commission is that " this stage the preferred option is to leave the threshold unchanged, although it should be recognised that appropriate risk management may be required should the hydrogen economy develop in the longer-term." The most significant proposed changes to Seveso II are:

·       Alignment of the definitions of substances falling within the scope of the Directive with the EU system of classification of dangerous substances (CLP), to which it now refers.  There is also a new process to handle substances with hazards that are not reflected in CLP.

·       Alignment of provisions relating to the public’s access to safety and environmental information with existing EU Directives on this access, with the intention of making access to information and participation in decision simpler.

·       Introduction of the concept of safety culture, and stricter standards for inspections of installations to ensure the effective implementation and enforcement of safety rules.

Carbon Dioxide Physiological Hazards -"Not just an asphyxiant!"

The Safety Advisory Council (SAC) has prepared a new Safety Information (SI 24/11) publication about the physiological hazards of carbon dioxide. While the asphyxiation hazard is well known, carbon dioxide intoxication hazard is not well understood by those involved in the supply and/or use of carbon dioxide.

SAC have received reports about serious incidents involving carbon dioxide (CO2). Tragically, some have resulted in fatalities.  A common cause in these incidents has been a failure to recognise the actual carbon dioxide concentration in the working environment and therefore the hazard.

This SI is intended to raise awareness of the hazards of carbon dioxide intoxication, to educate people on the mechanism of intoxication and to highlight the risks of mistakes when analysing ambient air.  The SI makes recommendations on what steps should be taken to minimise these risks.

Pierre Wolfs – 20 years with EIGA

We are very pleased to congratulate Pierre Wolfs who this year celebrates 20 years of close association with EIGA.  Pierre was first seconded to EIGA as Deputy General Secretary from January 1st, 1991 until August 31st,1995.  He was seconded again to EIGA as Technical Manager in January 2005 until March 2009 and since then has been EIGA’s Technical Director.

Pierre has been influential in the development of standards, legislation and regulations relating to the transport of our products; he was a member of WG-1 (Transport) from 1988 to 2005, including a period as Chairman, and was a consultant for CEN on the TPED standards from 1997 to 2006.  Since 2005 he has also guided the industry’s involvement in REACH and CLP.


2013 may seem a long way off, but it is a significant year for both EIGA and the Compressed Gas Association in the United States.  2013 marks the 90th anniversary of the founding of EIGA’s predecessor, CPI, and it is also the 100th anniversary of the founding of CGA.  To help mark the EIGA anniversary, we are starting to gather items that originate from the year we were founded. For example we have some member companies looking out for cylinders from 1923!  If any members have any items from 1923 that they would like to share with us for 2013, then let Andy Webb know at a.webb(at)

Terminology and definitions

Work has just begun on the revision of an International and European Standard, (EN ISO 10286) covering the terminology associated with gas cylinders.  Many of you will be wondering "why do we need a standard on "Terminology", after all a cylinder is a cylinder surely?".  Cylinders are the simple part, but when you come to terms such as test pressure and inspection bodies things start to get more difficult.  Over the years, as standards have been developed, new definitions for the same term have been written into different standards.  The result is that in some cases we can have three or four definitions for the same activity or process.  As we are living in an ever increasingly regulated environment, this can lead to confusion and questions of interpretation, so this project has been launched to try and have a harmonised set of terms and definitions which will be used in standards and regulations.  How does this impact EIGA?  In the long term we will be looking at our own documents to ensure that we too are consistent, both with these international definitions as well as within our own documents.


Events News

EIGA Summer Session 2011: will be hosted by the Portuguese National Delegation at Cascais near Lisbon from 2nd to 3rd June 2011.  Registration is now open and details are available from the dedicated Summer Session 2011 website at  The Session is open to EIGA members only.

National Associations’ Meeting 2011: will be held at the Sheraton Brussels Hotel in Brussels on 13th and 14th April 2011.

EIGA Winter Session and Workshop 2012, titled "Oxygen Safety in the Industrial and Medical Supply Chain" will be held during the Winter Session 2012 in Brussels on 25th and 26th January.

For latest information on these and other items see News at


Publication News

The following publications have been issued recently and can be downloaded from the EIGA website:

Position Papers:

Position Paper PP-33 - Indirect Carbon Dioxide Emissions Compensation: Benchmark Proposal for Air Separation Plants.

Briefing Notes (in Members Area):

Briefing Note BN-11 - Benchmarking: Air Separation Plants and Indirect Carbon Dioxide Emissions.

Safety Information:

Safety Info 24/11 - Carbon Dioxide Physiological Hazards -"Not just an asphyxiant!"


IGC Doc 57/11 - Recommendations for avoidance of sustained load cracking of aluminium alloy cylinders.

IGC Doc 64/11 - Use of residual pressure valves.

IGC Doc 91/10 - Use of pressure relief devices for gas cylinders.

IGC Doc 96/11 - Alternatives to hydraulic testing of gas cylinders.

Training Packages (in Members Area):

Training Package TP 15/10 - ADR 2011 - The Changes.

Training Package TP 22/11 - Recent Incidents in the Industrial and Medical Gases Industry (SAC 122).

Training Package TP 23/11 - Recent Incidents in the Industrial and Medical Gases Industry (SAC 124).

EIGA Office Documents (in Members Area):

EIGA 908/10 - 300 bar residual pressure valve filling connectors.

EIGAzette 37 - January 2011.